North Korea’s Denuclearization through Joint US-China-Russia Cooperation
Weekly Newsletters

North Korea’s Denuclearization through Joint US-China-Russia Cooperation



8 December 2022

APLN contributors propose new approaches for the US and other powers in dealing with North Korea and offer a new view of diplomacy in considering non-proliferation and disarmament efforts.

Gabriela Bernal authored a potent argument for why the world needs the US, China, and Russia to once again work together on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. As a first step, she says the US must fundamentally change its policy and diplomatic approach toward North Korea before any real progress can be made.

Meanwhile, Nathanial Gronewold explores whether the lessons on offer from environmental diplomacy hold any value for practitioners of nuclear diplomacy.

Finally, we are pleased to announce that APLN and the Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC) have begun a joint project focused on preventing dangerous maritime incidents and unintended escalation in the Asia-Pacific, supported by the US Department of State. Work is now underway with further updates to follow in the coming months. We also highlight our members’ activities below.

The Need for US-China-Russia Cooperation on North Korea

Gabriela Bernal, a researcher and PhD candidate at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul, explains why it’s critical that the US, China, and Russia set aside their differences and cooperate on halting and reversing North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. Bernal says the current Biden administration approach–all pressure, no engagement–is a dead end. For the three powers to join forces in convincing North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons, she says the US must first resign itself to the new reality and make Korean Peninsula denuclearization a very long-term goal.

Read the Policy Brief

Revitalizing the NPT: Can Clues be Found in Environmental Diplomacy?

Nathanial Gronewold, APLN’s senior communications adviser, explores whether past environmental diplomatic success stories hold clues that could be valuable to practitioners of nuclear diplomacy. Though there are vast differences between these two modes of diplomacy, Nate shows how multilateral environmental agreements expose certain patterns to state behaviour. He offers lessons of successful MEAs in the hope that nuclear policy experts’ consideration of them may improve chances for a positive outcome at the next NPT Review Conference.

Read the Commentary

How Will America Deal With Three-Way Nuclear Deterrence?

Tong Zhao, APLN board member and Senior Fellow at the Nuclear Policy Program of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, was quoted in The Economist saying that China’s strategic nuclear policy has become harder to read but may be aimed at convincing the United States to treat China with respect and as an equal.

It’s Time for S. Korea to Think Seriously about Crisis Stability

Moon Chung-in, APLN Vice Chair and Sejong Institute Chairman, published a column in Hankyoreh and argues that
crisis stability is as important as deterrence, and the same amount of attention should be paid to preventing wars as to winning them.

Emerging Missile Trends to Watch Out For

Manpreet Sethi, Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Air Power Studies, New Delhi, cautions that trends in the development and employment of missiles create opportunities for greater proliferation as well as their more uninhibited use in the future.

India Engages Myanmar

Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan, Director of the Centre for Security, Strategy, and Technology, writes for The Diplomat on Indian Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra’s recent visit to Myanmar.

Playing Down Hostility

Shyam Saran, Former India Foreign Secretary, writes for The Tribune on the Biden-Xi talks at G20 Summit. He argues that if China’s official readout is a true reflection of what Biden said, it would mean an entirely new and much more conciliatory posture towards China.



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