Building confidence in Southern Asia, Inter-Korean biocluster and expectations for COP26
Weekly Newsletters

Building confidence in Southern Asia, Inter-Korean biocluster and expectations for COP26






29 October 2021




Dear Network Members and Colleagues,

This week the APLN features two new special reports on how to reduce tensions and enhance trust across the Asia-Pacific: Brigadier (Retd) Feroz Khan proposes trilateral confidence building measures in Southern Asia between China, India, and Pakistan; and Professor Sang Min Park, discusses a creative proposal for inter-Korean public health cooperation. Ambassador Shyam Saran also shares his thoughts on the upcoming COP26 in Glasgow, and Dr. Michiru Nishida writes about complementary approaches to nuclear disarmament.








This week, APLN published a special report on on trilateral confidence building measures in Southern Asia, written by Brigadier (Retd) Feroz H Khan, former Director of Arms Control and Disarmament Affairs in Pakistan. Brigadier Khan assesses the current relations and escalation risks between India, Pakistan and China, and makes the case that a common agenda towards improved security could be pursued by adopting trilateral CBMs.

Key Recommendations include: 

  • Developing a trilateral ‘strategic restraint regime’ in Southern Asia. 
  • Negotiating formal trilateral conventional arms control agreements.
  • Addressing the fear of asymmetric threats in Southern Asia.
  • Transforming the region from the existential security-centric relationship into an economic-centric relationship.
  • Expanding the scope of existing arms control and non-proliferation regimes.



Read the Special Report






This week, APLN published a special report by Dr. Sang Min Park, professor of public health at the Seoul National University College of Medicine. In his report, Dr. Park describes the deficiencies of the DPRK healthcare system, and proposes creative ways to improve them, while also enhancing inter-Korean cooperation and support peacebuilding on the Korean Peninsula.

Key recommendations to the two Koreas include:

  • The establishment of a joint national disease management system and an inter-Korean Biomedical Cluster at the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) or other border areas.
  • Combining of traditional DPRK medicine with the ROK pharmaceutical sector to raise global competitiveness in the field of naturally derived drugs.
  • The construction of a “One Health” general hospital, a joint center for bio-venture startups, and a bio-agricultural complex to support public health, industry, and agriculture in the two Koreas.



Read the Special Report






On 27 October, APLN member Shyam Saran, former Foreign Secretary of India and Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Climate Change, wrote a commentary on the occasion of the upcoming Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Glasgow. He argues for equitable burden sharing between states in achieving the net zero goal to 2050, but also concedes his modest expectations. Read more








On 29 October, Dr. Michiru Nishida, Visiting Associate Professor at the Research Center for Nuclear Abolition (RECNA) wrote on how to combine normative and step-by-step approaches to nuclear disarmament. Read more





China ‘may be drawn’ into US-Russia nuclear competition
APLN’s special report “A Looming Strategic Arms Race in the Asia-Pacific Region: From a Chinese Perspective”, written by Dr. Luo Xi, was featured in the South China Morning Post. Read the report on our website





On 24 October, APLN member Kim Won-soo, former Under-Secretary General of the United Nations and high representative for disarmament, wrote an opinion column in Korea Times, where he argues that the next Korean president must seek bipartisan consensus for a long-term North Korea policy. Read more



















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