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Nuclear Hotlines: Origins, Evolution, Applications
Steven E. Miller
The hotline concept has evolved to a variety of forms and settings, suggesting a broad utility. But it is what might be called a pure or original version of an idea that remains compelling: making sure that the most important, most heavily armed nuclear rivals can communicate directly and effectively at the highest levels in all circumstances, whether crisis or war, in order to minimize escalation, retain control of dangerous situations, and inoculate against potentially disastrous miscommunication or misunderstanding.
Nuclear weapons hotlines Russia United States Cuban Missile Crisis Arms Control Diplomacy