The following is a summary. Click on the adjacent link to download the full briefing.
Compared with nuclear safeguards, international arrangements for nuclear security are weak. The relevant treaties are far from universal, there are no binding international standards, no international inspections, and no international reporting and accountability mechanisms. Pending global consensus on meeting these shortcomings, many practical steps could usefully be taken on a regional level to increase participation in treaties, provide necessary assurance, extend peer review and generally strengthen cooperation. Informal mechanisms may have a significant role to play in encouraging and facilitating this action.